Many institutions, national bodies, academic awards and so on are commonly known by their acronyms or the initials of the full title. While such acronyms or abbreviations are acceptable within the text of the dissertation, the name or title is written out in full the first time it occurs so that it is properly identified.

Abbreviations other than those referred to above are not normally employed in the main body of the text. Commonly used abbreviations such as those below may, however, be used in bibliographic references, footnotes, tables, appendices and the bibliography. The same applies to the use of symbols and so, for instance, the term ˋper cent’ would be used in the text whilst the symbol ˋ%’ may be used in the tables.